The European Parliament is made up of 751 Members elected in the 28 Member States of the enlarged European Union. Since 1979, MEPs have been elected by direct universal suffrage for a five-year period.
EU elections are by proportional representation. Seats are allocated on the basis of population of each Member State. Slightly more than a third of MEPs are women. MEPs are grouped by political affinity, not nationality.
MEPs divide their time between their constituencies, Strasbourg - where 12 plenary sittings a year are held - and Brussels, where they attend additional plenary sittings, as well as committee and political group meetings.
The East of England Conservative MEPs sit on the European Conservative and Reformists political group.